ISSN 1302-6631
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Investigation of mindfulness and affecting factors of mindfulness among substance users and non users

Kültegin Ögel, Nuray Sarp, Defne Tamar Gürol, Eda Ermağan.

Cited by (2)

Abstract
Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the factors which affect the mindfulness and trying to determine the role of mindfulness on addiction. In this regard, the aim is to review the use of practicing mindfulness based therapies in the treatment. Methods: One hundred ninety one patients who have been taking treatment in Alcohol and Substance Addiction/Abuse Research and Treatment Center were included in the substance users group. A total of one hundred people, comprised of seventy five teachers and twenty five bank clerks, were included in the non-users group. Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), White Bear Suppression Inventory (WBSI), Meta-cognitions questionnaire (MCQ-30), The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ), MMPI Impulsivity Scale (IMP), SCID-I, Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders were administered to the participants. Results: There were no significant differences of mindfulness levels between the addicted and non-addicted groups. When two groups were compared, statistically significant differences of IMP, WBSI, MCQ-30, ERQ suppression subscale and GHQ levels were observed. Lower levels of mindfulness were observed on users who did not receive any treatment in the past and users of non-alcoholic substances. Conclusion: In light of the results of this study, it was determined that albeit the significant differences between the levels of factors which are known to affect mindfulness, including metacognition, repression, impulsivity and physical problems, between groups, there was insignificant difference of mindfulness level observed in both the addicted and non-addicted groups, and this observation was deemed a trace of MAAS scale failing to properly measure the Mindfulness level. The signi-ficantly different levels of factors which affect the mindfulness observed in the addicted group indicate that the Mindfulness therapy might be beneficial in addiction.

Key words: addiction, mindfulness, mindfulness based therapies



Bağımlı olan ve olmayan bireylerde farkındalık (mindfulness) ve farkındalığı etkileyen etkenlerin incelenmesi

Özet
Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı, farkındalığı etkileyen etkenleri araştırmak ve farkındalığın bağımlılık üzerindeki rolünü anlamaya çalışmaktır.. Bu açıdan, farkındalık temelli terapilerin tedavide kullanımını da gözden geçirmektir.Yöntem: Çalışmanın bağımlı grubuna, Alkol ve Madde Bağımlılığı Tedavi ve Eğitim Merkezinde yatarak tedavi görmekte olan 191 kişi, bağımlı olmayan grubuna ise 75 öğretmen, 25 banka memuru, 100 kişi dahil edilmiştir. Katılımcılara, Bilinçli Farkındalık Ölçeği (BFÖ), Genel Sağlık (GSA), Beyaz Ayı Supresyon Ölçeği (BAS), Üst Biliş Ölçeği-30 (ÜBÖ-30), Duygu Düzenleme Ölçeği (DDÖ), Dürtüsel Davranışlar Alt Ölçeği (DDAÖ), DSM-IV-TR için yapılandırılmış klinik görüşme formu uygulanmıştır. Bulgular: Farkındalık düzeyi, bağımlı olan ve olmayan grup arasında farklı bulunmamıştır. İki grup karşılatırıldığında DDAÖ, BASÖ, ÜBÖ-30, DDÖ bastırma alt ölçeği ve GSA arasında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı fark bulunmuştur. Ayrıca, daha önce tedavi görmeyen ve alkol dışı madde kullanan bağımlılarda farkındalık düzeyi daha düşüktür. Sonuç: Bağımlı olan ve olmayan grup arasında farkındalık düzeyinde fark bulunmaması ancak farkındalığı etkilediği bilinen üst biliş, bastırma, dürtüsellik, fiziksel sorunlarda fark gözlenmesinin, araştırmanın örneklem seçimindeki sosyodemografik farklılıklardan kaynaklanabileceği ve BF֒nün ölçtüğü düşünülen farkındalığı tüm yönleriyle ölçemediğini de düşünülmüştür. Yine de farkındalığı etkileyen etkenlerin bağımlı grupta farklı bulunması, bağımlılıkta farkındalık terapisinin yararlı olabileceği izlenimini vermektedir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Bağımlılık, farkındalık, farkındalık temelli terapiler


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ogel K, Sarp N, Gurol DT, Ermagan E. [Investigation of mindfulness and affecting factors of mindfulness among substance users and non users]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2014; 15(4): 282-288. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.169583


Web Style

Ogel K, Sarp N, Gurol DT, Ermagan E. [Investigation of mindfulness and affecting factors of mindfulness among substance users and non users]. http://www.anadolupsikiyatri.net/?mno=169583 [Access: June 23, 2018]. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.169583


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ogel K, Sarp N, Gurol DT, Ermagan E. [Investigation of mindfulness and affecting factors of mindfulness among substance users and non users]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2014; 15(4): 282-288. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.169583



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ogel K, Sarp N, Gurol DT, Ermagan E. [Investigation of mindfulness and affecting factors of mindfulness among substance users and non users]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. (2014), [cited June 23, 2018]; 15(4): 282-288. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.169583



Harvard Style

Ogel, K., Sarp, N., Gurol, D. T. & Ermagan, E. (2014) [Investigation of mindfulness and affecting factors of mindfulness among substance users and non users]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg, 15 (4), 282-288. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.169583



Turabian Style

Ogel, Kultegin, Nuray Sarp, Defne Tamar Gurol, and Eda Ermagan. 2014. [Investigation of mindfulness and affecting factors of mindfulness among substance users and non users]. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 15 (4), 282-288. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.169583



Chicago Style

Ogel, Kultegin, Nuray Sarp, Defne Tamar Gurol, and Eda Ermagan. "[Investigation of mindfulness and affecting factors of mindfulness among substance users and non users]." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 15 (2014), 282-288. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.169583



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ogel, Kultegin, Nuray Sarp, Defne Tamar Gurol, and Eda Ermagan. "[Investigation of mindfulness and affecting factors of mindfulness among substance users and non users]." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 15.4 (2014), 282-288. Print.Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.169583



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ogel, K., Sarp, N., Gurol, D. T. & Ermagan, E. (2014) [Investigation of mindfulness and affecting factors of mindfulness among substance users and non users]. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 15 (4), 282-288. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.169583





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