ISSN 1302-6631
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Posttraumatic stress disorder, posttraumatic growth and psychological resilience in Syrian refugees: Hatay, Turkey

İbrahim Cengiz, Deniz Ergun, Ebru Çakıcı.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder and to investigate the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder, posttraumatic growth and resilience in Syrian refugees. Methods: The sample includes 310 Syrian refugees living in the Reyhanlı district of Hatay. Demographic Information Form, Impact of Events Scale (IES-R), Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ) Section I, Post-Traumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI) and Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) were used as the data collection tools. Results: The prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was 80%. Low monthly income and desire to return to their home country were found to be risk factors for PTSD. Refugees with PTSD had higher war-related traumatic events. Posttraumatic growth is higher among refugees with PTSD, particularly in the areas of relating to others and spiritual change. Resilience and posttraumatic growth was found to be positively correlated and regression analysis showed that resilience promotes posttraumatic growth. Conclusion: After trauma, posttraumatic growth can be increased by strengthening the resilience of Syrian refugees.

Key words: Syrian refugees, war-related traumatic events, post-traumatic stress disorder, post traumatic growth, psychological resilience



Suriyeli sığınmacılarda travma sonrası stres bozukluğu, travma sonrası büyüme ve ruhsal dayanıklılık: Hatay, Türkiye

Ozet
Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı, Suriyeli sığınmacılarda travma sonrası stres bozukluğu, travma sonrası büyüme ve dayanıklılık arasındaki ilişkiyi araştırmaktır. Yöntem: Örneklem Hatay'ın Reyhanlı ilçesinde yaşayan 310 Suriyeli sığınmacıdan oluşmuştur. Veri toplama aracı olarak Demografik Bilgi Formu, Olayların Etkisi Ölçeği (OEÖ-R), Harvard Travma Envanteri Bölüm I, Travma Sonrası Büyüme Envanteri ve Connor-Davidson Psikolojik Sağlamlık Ölçeği kullanılmıştır. Sonuçlar: Travma sonrası stres bozukluğu (TSSB) oranı %80’dir. Düşük aylık gelir ve ülkelerine dönme isteği, TSSB için risk etkeni olarak bulunmuştur. TSSB'li sığınmacılar savaşla ilgili daha fazla travmatik olay yaşamışlardır. Travma sonrası büyüme, TSSB'li sığınmacılar arasında, özellikle başkalarıyla ilişki kurma ve ruhsal değişim alanlarında daha fazladır. Dayanıklılık ve travma sonrası büyüme arasında pozitif korelas-yon bulunmuş ve regresyon analizinde dayanıklılığın travma sonrası büyümeyi desteklediği gösterilmiştir. Sonuç: Travma sonrası, Suriyeli sığınmacılarda dayanıklılık güçlendirilerek travma sonrası büyüme artırılabilir.

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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Cengiz I, Ergun D, Cakici E. Posttraumatic stress disorder, posttraumatic growth and psychological resilience in Syrian refugees: Hatay, Turkey. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2019; 20(3): 269-276. doi:10.5455/apd.4862


Web Style

Cengiz I, Ergun D, Cakici E. Posttraumatic stress disorder, posttraumatic growth and psychological resilience in Syrian refugees: Hatay, Turkey. http://www.anadolupsikiyatri.net/?mno=4862 [Access: April 02, 2020]. doi:10.5455/apd.4862


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Cengiz I, Ergun D, Cakici E. Posttraumatic stress disorder, posttraumatic growth and psychological resilience in Syrian refugees: Hatay, Turkey. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2019; 20(3): 269-276. doi:10.5455/apd.4862



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Cengiz I, Ergun D, Cakici E. Posttraumatic stress disorder, posttraumatic growth and psychological resilience in Syrian refugees: Hatay, Turkey. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. (2019), [cited April 02, 2020]; 20(3): 269-276. doi:10.5455/apd.4862



Harvard Style

Cengiz, I., Ergun, . D. & Cakici, . E. (2019) Posttraumatic stress disorder, posttraumatic growth and psychological resilience in Syrian refugees: Hatay, Turkey. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg, 20 (3), 269-276. doi:10.5455/apd.4862



Turabian Style

Cengiz, Ibrahim, Deniz Ergun, and Ebru Cakici. 2019. Posttraumatic stress disorder, posttraumatic growth and psychological resilience in Syrian refugees: Hatay, Turkey. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 20 (3), 269-276. doi:10.5455/apd.4862



Chicago Style

Cengiz, Ibrahim, Deniz Ergun, and Ebru Cakici. "Posttraumatic stress disorder, posttraumatic growth and psychological resilience in Syrian refugees: Hatay, Turkey." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 20 (2019), 269-276. doi:10.5455/apd.4862



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Cengiz, Ibrahim, Deniz Ergun, and Ebru Cakici. "Posttraumatic stress disorder, posttraumatic growth and psychological resilience in Syrian refugees: Hatay, Turkey." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 20.3 (2019), 269-276. Print. doi:10.5455/apd.4862



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Cengiz, I., Ergun, . D. & Cakici, . E. (2019) Posttraumatic stress disorder, posttraumatic growth and psychological resilience in Syrian refugees: Hatay, Turkey. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 20 (3), 269-276. doi:10.5455/apd.4862