ISSN 1302-6631
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Adaptation, validity, and reliability study of the Five-Factor Gambling Motives Scale

Kuntay Arcan, A. Nuray Karancı.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
Objective: This study aimed to adapt and to test the validity and the reliability of the Five-Factor Gambling Motives Scale (GMS) that was developed to explore the gambling motivation variables. It was hypothesized that, as in the original study amusement, excitement, socialization, monetary gains, avoidance factors would emerge from the scale. Methods: The sample consisted of 354 voluntary male participants who were above age 18 and betting in betting terminals, in Istanbul. The internal reliability of the scale was explored by examining the Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. For the validity evaluation South Oaks Gambling Screen, Positive Affect Negative Affect Schedule, and average time devoted to gambling-related affairs were assessed. Results: Factor analysis revealed a four-factor solution in which amusement and excitement factors merged under a single factor. The reliability of the Turkish version of the GMS was supported by the Cronbach’s alpha values found as 0.89, 0.86, 0.79, 0.81, and 0.76 respectively for the whole scale and amusement/excitement, socialization, monetary gains, and avoidance factors whereas the validity of the scale was supported by the significant associations of the factors found with participants’ average time devoted to gambling and gambling severity scores. Discussion: The results of the study were discussed with respect to the necessity for gambling-related Turkish measurement instruments and the four-factor solution of the Turkish form of GMS in the light of the relevant literature.

Key words: gambling, motivation, validity, reliability



Kumar Oynama Nedenleri Ölçeğinin uyarlama, geçerlilik ve güvenilirlik çalışması

Ozet
Amaç: Bu çalışmada kumar oynamayı güdüleyen değişkenleri belirlemek için geliştirilmiş Kumar Oynama Nedenleri Ölçeğinin (KONÖ) Türkiye örnekleminde uyarlama çalışmasının yapılması, geçerlilik ve güvenilirliğinin sınanması amaçlanmıştır. Ölçek aracılığı ile özgün çalışmada olduğu gibi eğlenme, heyecanlanma, sosyalleşme, para kazanma, kaçınma içeriğindeki kumar oynama etkenlerinin bulunacağı varsayılmıştır. Yöntem: Çalışmanın örneklemi İstanbul’da, bahis oynanan bayilerde, bahis yapan, 18 yaş ve üzeri, 354 erkek, gönüllü katılımcıdan oluşmuştur. Ölçeğin iç tutarlılığı Cronbach alfa katsayısı ile incelenmiştir. Geçerlilik araştırması için South Oaks Kumar Tarama Testi, Pozitif ve Negatif Duygu Ölçeği ve kumar için ayrılan zaman değerlendirilmiştir. Bulgular: Faktör analizi, eğlenme ve heyecanlanma faktörlerinin tek faktörde toplandığı dörtlü çözümün uygun olduğunu ortaya koymuştur. KON֒nün güvenilirliği ölçeğin tümü ve ortaya konan dört faktör olan eğlenme/heyecanlanma, kaçınma, para kazanma ve sosyalleşme için sırasıyla 0.89, 0.86, 0.79, 0.81 ve 0.76 olarak bulunan Cronbach alfa değerleri; geçerliliği ise faktörlerin katılımcıların kumar için ayırdıkları zaman ve kumar oynama şiddeti puanları ile anlamlı düzeyde bulunan ilişkileri ile desteklemiştir. Tartışma: Çalışmanın bulguları, kumar ile ilişkili Türkçe ölçüm araçları gereksinimi ve KON֒nün Türkçe sürümünün dörtlü çözümünün literatüre uygunluğu çerçevesinde tartışılmıştır.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Kumar, güdülenme, geçerlilik, güvenilirlik


 
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REFERENCES
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This Article Cited By the following articles

Problematic Online Betting Among Turkish Adolescents
J Gambl Stud 2018; (): .

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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Kuntay Arcan, A. Nuray Karanci. [Adaptation, validity, and reliability study of the Five-Factor Gambling Motives Scale]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2014; 15(3): 248-256. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.48431


Web Style

Kuntay Arcan, A. Nuray Karanci. [Adaptation, validity, and reliability study of the Five-Factor Gambling Motives Scale]. http://www.anadolupsikiyatri.net/?mno=48431 [Access: December 11, 2018]. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.48431


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Kuntay Arcan, A. Nuray Karanci. [Adaptation, validity, and reliability study of the Five-Factor Gambling Motives Scale]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2014; 15(3): 248-256. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.48431



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Kuntay Arcan, A. Nuray Karanci. [Adaptation, validity, and reliability study of the Five-Factor Gambling Motives Scale]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. (2014), [cited December 11, 2018]; 15(3): 248-256. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.48431



Harvard Style

Kuntay Arcan, A. Nuray Karanci (2014) [Adaptation, validity, and reliability study of the Five-Factor Gambling Motives Scale]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg, 15 (3), 248-256. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.48431



Turabian Style

Kuntay Arcan, A. Nuray Karanci. 2014. [Adaptation, validity, and reliability study of the Five-Factor Gambling Motives Scale]. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 15 (3), 248-256. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.48431



Chicago Style

Kuntay Arcan, A. Nuray Karanci. "[Adaptation, validity, and reliability study of the Five-Factor Gambling Motives Scale]." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 15 (2014), 248-256. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.48431



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Kuntay Arcan, A. Nuray Karanci. "[Adaptation, validity, and reliability study of the Five-Factor Gambling Motives Scale]." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 15.3 (2014), 248-256. Print.Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.48431



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Kuntay Arcan, A. Nuray Karanci (2014) [Adaptation, validity, and reliability study of the Five-Factor Gambling Motives Scale]. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 15 (3), 248-256. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.48431





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