ISSN 1302-6631
 

Original Research 


Alexithymia in patients with seborrhoeic dermatitis

Ali Bozkurt, Osman Köse, Tunay Karlidere, Murat Erdem, Mehmet Ak, K. Nahit Özmenler.

Abstract
Objective: Seborrhoeic dermatitis (SD) is one of the dermatological diseases affected by psychological factors, and the psychodermatological patients are characterized by alexithymia. But there is no research about alexi-thymia in SD patients. It was aimed to identify the prevalence of alexithymia and the correlation of alexithymia with severity of depressive symptoms and levels of state and trait anxiety in a sample of SD patients. Methods: Thirty SD patients with no concomitant psychiatric axis I disorders and a control group (CG) (30 healthy subjects) matched for age, gender and education level were compared in terms of alexithymia (TAS-20; 20-item version of Toronto Alexithymia Scale), anxiety (STAI; the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory) and depressive symptoms (BDI; the Beck’s Depression Inventory). Results: SD patients had significantly greater levels of trait anxiety and alexithymia scores and more severe depressive symptoms than CG. According to TAS-20, 36.7% (n=11) of SD patients and 10.0% (n=3) of CG were alexithymic, and the rate of alexithymics in the CG was significantly lower than in the SDP. Alexithymia scores were positively correlated with anxiety levels (both state and trait) and severity of depressive symptoms in SD patients. In addition, the alexithymia had tightest relationship with the depressive symptom severity, and the relationship of alexithymia with trait anxiety was tighter than that of state anxiety. Conclusion: Although more extensive studies are required, alexithymia and it’s complex relationship with emotional distress should be taken into consideration as confounding factors while evaluating the patients with seborrhoeic dermatitis

Key words: seborrhoeic dermatitis, alexithymia, depression, anxiety



Seboreik dermatitli hastalarda aleksitimi

Ozet
Amaç: Seboreik dermatit (SD) emosyonel etkenlerden etkilenebilen bir hastalıktır. SD hastalarında aleksitimik özelliklerle ilgili araştırma yoktur. Bu çalışmada SD hastalarında aleksitiminin yaygınlığını ve bu hastalardaki depresyon ve anksiyete düzeyleri ile aleksitiminin ilişkisini belirlemek amaçlanmıştır. Yöntem: Eksen I psikiyatrik bozukluğu bulunmayan 30SD hastası ile 30 sağlıklı birey, aleksitimi düzeyleri ile anksiyete ve depresyon belirti-lerinin şiddeti yönünden karşılaştırıldı. Sonuçlar: SD grubunda kontrol grubuna göre depresif belirti ve sürekli anksiyete düzeyi ile aleksitimi düzeyi yüksek bulundu. Toronto Aleksitimi Ölçeği’ne göre, SD grubunun %36.7’si (s=11), kontrol grubunun %10.0’ı (s=3) aleksitimikti. SD grubunda aleksitimi puanları ile anksiyete düzeyleri (sürekli ve durumsal) ve depresif belirtilerin şiddeti arasında pozitif bağıntı vardı. Aleksitiminin sürekli anksiyete ile ilişkisi durumsal anksiyeteye göre daha anlamlıydı. Tartışma: SD hastalarının değerlendirilmesinde aleksitiminin ve aleksitimi ile emosyonel etkenlerin karmaşık ilişkisinin dikkate alınması gerekmektedir. Bu konuda daha kapsamlı çalışmalara gereksinim vardır.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Aleksitimi, anksiyete, depresyon, seboreik dermatit


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Bozkurt A, Kose O, Karlidere T, Erdem M, Ak M, Ozmenler KN. [Alexithymia in patients with seborrhoeic dermatitis]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2011; 12(1): 44-48. Turkish.


Web Style

Bozkurt A, Kose O, Karlidere T, Erdem M, Ak M, Ozmenler KN. [Alexithymia in patients with seborrhoeic dermatitis]. http://www.anadolupsikiyatri.net/?mno=4697 [Access: September 21, 2018]. Turkish.


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Bozkurt A, Kose O, Karlidere T, Erdem M, Ak M, Ozmenler KN. [Alexithymia in patients with seborrhoeic dermatitis]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2011; 12(1): 44-48. Turkish.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Bozkurt A, Kose O, Karlidere T, Erdem M, Ak M, Ozmenler KN. [Alexithymia in patients with seborrhoeic dermatitis]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. (2011), [cited September 21, 2018]; 12(1): 44-48. Turkish.



Harvard Style

Bozkurt, A., Kose, O., Karlidere, T., Erdem, M., Ak, M. & Ozmenler, K. N. (2011) [Alexithymia in patients with seborrhoeic dermatitis]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg, 12 (1), 44-48. Turkish.



Turabian Style

Bozkurt, Ali, Osman Kose, Tunay Karlidere, Murat Erdem, Mehmet Ak, and K. Nahit Ozmenler. 2011. [Alexithymia in patients with seborrhoeic dermatitis]. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 12 (1), 44-48. Turkish.



Chicago Style

Bozkurt, Ali, Osman Kose, Tunay Karlidere, Murat Erdem, Mehmet Ak, and K. Nahit Ozmenler. "[Alexithymia in patients with seborrhoeic dermatitis]." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 12 (2011), 44-48. Turkish.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Bozkurt, Ali, Osman Kose, Tunay Karlidere, Murat Erdem, Mehmet Ak, and K. Nahit Ozmenler. "[Alexithymia in patients with seborrhoeic dermatitis]." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 12.1 (2011), 44-48. Print.Turkish.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Bozkurt, A., Kose, O., Karlidere, T., Erdem, M., Ak, M. & Ozmenler, K. N. (2011) [Alexithymia in patients with seborrhoeic dermatitis]. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 12 (1), 44-48. Turkish.





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