ISSN 1302-6631
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


The sociodemographic characteristics and psychiatric profiles of the accused persons who committed crime by means of firearms

Taşkın Özdeş, Gökhan Oral, Nergis Cantürk, Bahadır Kumral, Zerrin Erkol.

Abstract
Objective: In this study, it is aimed to evaluate the individuals who were accused of committing crime by means of firearms in terms of their competency to stand trial and to discuss preventive measures can be taken in order to reduce such crimes. Methods: The survey form that was prepared for this purpose applied to 50 subjects that accepted to interview out of accused persons, who were forwarded to Forensic Medicine Institution 4th Expertise Committee by court of law with accusation of committing crimes by means of firearms, to be evaluated in terms of their competency to stand trial. Results: 48 of the subjects (96%) were male, 28 of them (56%) were between 21 and 40 years old. It is determined that 36 of the subjects (72%) were married, 27 of them (54%) committed crime by using short-barreled weapons and 33 of them (66%) used unregistered firearms. It was claimed that 35 of the subjects (70%) had committed murder, nine of them (18%) had committed attempted murder. It was observed that 12 of the murders (24%) occurred as spouse-killing, 12 of the subjects (24%) had criminal records. It was determined as a result of evaluation conducted by the Committee that 22 subjects (44%) did not have competency to stand trial. Six of the subjects (27%) with no competence to stand trial possessed gun license. Discussion: Determining the profiles of perpetrators who commits crimes by using firearms will be instructive to prevent these kinds of assaults. Psychiatric examination of who applies for a gun license presents great importance in terms of evaluating riskiness criteria. Assuring societal awareness by ensuring support of Civil Society Organizations and mass media, and encouraging disarmament are other side of the issue. Furthermore, issuing firearm licenses in specialized agencies will lay the groundwork for more scientific and standardized practice.
Key words:

Key words: firearms, gun license, forensic psychiatric examination



Ateşli silah kullanarak suç işleyen sanıkların sosyodemografik özellikleri ve psikiyatrik profilleri

Ozet
Amaç: Bu çalışmada, ateşli silah ile suç işlediği iddia edilen bireylerin ceza ehliyeti yönünden değerlendirilmesi ve bu tür suçların azaltılması yönünde alınabilecek önlemlerin tartışılması amaçlanmıştır. Yöntem: Bu amaçla hazırlanan anket formu, ateşli silahla suç işlediği iddia edilen ve mahkemeler tarafından Adli Tıp Kurumu 4. İhtisas Kurulu’na ceza ehliyeti olup olmadığı yönünde değerlendirilmesi amacıyla gönderilen olgular içerisinde görüşmeyi kabul eden 50 olguya uygulanmıştır. Sonuçlar: Olguların 48’i (%96) erkek olup, 28 olgu (%56) 21-40 yaş arasında idi. Otuz altı olgu (%72) evli olup, 27 olgunun (%54) kısa namlulu silah kullanarak suç işlediği, 33 olgunun (%66) kullandığı ateşli silahın ruhsatsız olduğu belirlendi. Olguların 35’inin (%70) adam öldürme, dokuzunun (%18) insan yaralama veya insan öldürmeye teşebbüs suçlarını işlediği iddia edilmekteydi. Cinayetlerin 12’sinin (%24) eş öldürme şeklinde meydana geldiği, 12 olgunun (%24) sabıkalı olduğu görüldü. Kurulda yapılan değerlendirme sonucunda 22 olgunun (%44) ceza ehliyetinin olmadığı kararına varıldı. Ceza ehliyeti olmadığına karar verilen olgulardan altısının (%27) silah ruhsatının bulunduğu dikkati çekti. Tartışma: Ateşli silah kullanımı ile suç işleyen saldırganların profillerinin belirlenmesi, bu tip saldırıların önlenmesinde yol gösterici olacaktır. Ruhsat almak isteyen kişilerin psikiyatrik muayenesi, tehlikelilik ölçütlerinin değerlendirilmesi açısından önem taşımaktadır. Konunun diğer ayağını sivil toplum kuruluşları ve medyanın da desteği sağlanarak konu hakkında toplumun bilinçlenmesinin sağlanması, silahsızlanmanın özendirilmesi oluşturmaktadır. Diğer yönden, silah ruhsatının bu konuda özelleşmiş merkezlerde verilmesi, daha bilimsel ve standardize bir uygulamaya zemin hazırlayacaktır.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Ateşli silahlar, silah ruhsatı, adli psikiyatrik muayene


 
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Pubmed Style

Ozdes T, Oral G, Canturk N, Kumral B, Erkol Z. [The sociodemographic characteristics and psychiatric profiles of the accused persons who committed crime by means of firearms]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2014; 15(3): 230-237. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.43507


Web Style

Ozdes T, Oral G, Canturk N, Kumral B, Erkol Z. [The sociodemographic characteristics and psychiatric profiles of the accused persons who committed crime by means of firearms]. http://www.anadolupsikiyatri.net/?mno=43507 [Access: October 22, 2018]. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.43507


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ozdes T, Oral G, Canturk N, Kumral B, Erkol Z. [The sociodemographic characteristics and psychiatric profiles of the accused persons who committed crime by means of firearms]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2014; 15(3): 230-237. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.43507



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ozdes T, Oral G, Canturk N, Kumral B, Erkol Z. [The sociodemographic characteristics and psychiatric profiles of the accused persons who committed crime by means of firearms]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. (2014), [cited October 22, 2018]; 15(3): 230-237. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.43507



Harvard Style

Ozdes, T., Oral, G., Canturk, N., Kumral, B. & Erkol, Z. (2014) [The sociodemographic characteristics and psychiatric profiles of the accused persons who committed crime by means of firearms]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg, 15 (3), 230-237. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.43507



Turabian Style

Ozdes, Taskin, Gokhan Oral, Nergis Canturk, Bahadir Kumral, and Zerrin Erkol. 2014. [The sociodemographic characteristics and psychiatric profiles of the accused persons who committed crime by means of firearms]. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 15 (3), 230-237. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.43507



Chicago Style

Ozdes, Taskin, Gokhan Oral, Nergis Canturk, Bahadir Kumral, and Zerrin Erkol. "[The sociodemographic characteristics and psychiatric profiles of the accused persons who committed crime by means of firearms]." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 15 (2014), 230-237. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.43507



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ozdes, Taskin, Gokhan Oral, Nergis Canturk, Bahadir Kumral, and Zerrin Erkol. "[The sociodemographic characteristics and psychiatric profiles of the accused persons who committed crime by means of firearms]." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 15.3 (2014), 230-237. Print.Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.43507



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ozdes, T., Oral, G., Canturk, N., Kumral, B. & Erkol, Z. (2014) [The sociodemographic characteristics and psychiatric profiles of the accused persons who committed crime by means of firearms]. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 15 (3), 230-237. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.43507





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