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The evaluation of quality of life, self-esteem, peer relationship and anger levels in adolescents with acne at an university hospital: a case control study

Özden Kum, İjlal Erturan, Evrim Aktepe.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
Objective: Acne vulgaris occurs mostly during adolescence, a time when social and physical changes occur at the maximum level, and identity formation is a matter. In adolescence, when the perfect look is idealized, and in societies where physical attractiveness is important, acne can be a devastating disease. This study aims to evaluate the peer relationship, self-respect and anger level of 81 adolescents who presented to a dermatology outpatient clinic with acne in comparison with age- and sex-matched, healthy adolescents without any skin diseases. Methods: Acne severity was determined by GAGS (global acne grading system). Peer relationship scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI) and Piers-Harris children’s self-concept scale were applied to 81 patient and 70 controls. Also patients completed acne quality of life (AQL) scale. Windows 18.0 SPSS statistical package was used for the data analysis. Results: There was no significant relationship between quality of life and gender and severity of acne. Significant correlations were detected between quality of life and trait anger and anger-in (respectively; r=0.397, r=0.346). There were no significant differences in terms of peer relationship, anger levels, anger style, Piers Harris total score and its subscale scores as intellectual and school status, behavior, conformity, popularity and social appreciation, anxiety, happiness and satisfaction between the acne and the control groups. However, the self-esteem on physical appearance was significantly lower in acne group than in the control group. Discussion: In the view of above information, it was thought that it is necessary to recognize acne, not only as a cosmetic problem, but also a skin disease that impair mental health. This work suggests the need for social support and the importance of a multidisciplinary treatment approach in acne patients.

Key words: acne, peer relationship, self-esteem, adolescent, anger, quality of life



Akneli ergenlerin benlik saygılarının, öfke düzeylerinin, arkadaş bağlılıklarının değerlendirilmesi: Olgu kontrol çalışması

Ozet
Amaç: Akne vulgaris çoğunlukla sosyal ve fiziksel değişikliklerin en üst düzeyde olduğu ve kimlik gelişiminin yaşandığı ergenlik döneminde ortaya çıkmaktadır. Kusursuz görünümün idealize edildiği ergenlik döneminde ve fiziksel çekiciliğin önemli olduğu toplumlarda akne tahrip edici bir hastalık olabilmektedir. Bu çalışmada dermatoloji polikliniğine ayaktan başvuran 81 akneli ergendeki arkadaş bağlılığının, benlik saygısının ve öfke düzeylerinin yaş ve cinsiyet açısından benzer, sağlıklı ve herhangi bir deri hastalığı bulunmayan ergenler ile karşılaştırarak değerlendirilmesi amaçlanmıştır. Yöntem: Global akne derecelendirme sistemi ile akne şiddeti belirlenmiştir. Seksen bir kişilik olgu grubu ile 70 kişilik kontrol grubuna Arkadaş Bağlılık Ölçeği, Sürekli Öfke ve Öfke Tarz Ölçeği, Piers-Harris Özkavram Ölçeği uygulanmıştır. Ayrıca olgu grubuna Akne Yaşam Kalitesi Ölçeği uygulanmıştır. Sonuçlar: Çalışmamızda yaşam kalitesi ile akne şiddeti ve cinsiyet arasında anlamlı ilişki bulunmamıştır. Akne yaşam kalitesi ile sürekli öfke ve içe vurulan öfke arasında anlamlı düzeyde korelasyon saptanmıştır (sırasıyla; r=0.397, r=0.346). Arkadaş bağlılığı, öfke düzeyleri, öfke tarzı ve Piers-Harris toplam puanı ile zihinsel ve okul durumu, davranış-uyma-konformite, popülarite ve sosyal beğeni, kaygı, mutluluk-doyum alt ölçek puanları açısından akne ve olgu grubu arasında fark saptanmamıştır. Buna karşılık akneli grupta fiziksel görünümle ilgili benlik saygısı kontrol grubuna göre anlamlı düzeyde daha düşük bulunmuştur. Tartışma: Tüm bu bilgiler ışığında aknenin sadece kozmetik bir sorun değil, ruh sağlığını tehdit eden bir deri hastalığı olarak görülmesi gerektiği düşünülmüştür. Bu çalışma ile akne hastalarının sosyal destek gereksinimi ve tedaviye multidisipliner olarak yaklaşmanın önemi ortaya çıkmaktadır.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Akne, arkadaş bağlılığı, benlik saygısı, ergenlik dönemi, öfke, yaşam kalitesi


 
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This Article Cited By the following articles

The evaluation of psychiatric comorbidity, self-injurious behavior, suicide probability, and other associated psychiatric factors (lonileness, self-esteem, life satisfaction) in adolescents with acne: A clinical pilot study
J Cosmet Dermatol 2018; (): .

1
 
How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ozden Kum, Ijlal Erturan, Evrim Aktepe. [The evaluation of quality of life, self-esteem, peer relationship and anger levels in adolescents with acne at an university hospital: a case control study]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2014; 15(2): 150-156. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.43505


Web Style

Ozden Kum, Ijlal Erturan, Evrim Aktepe. [The evaluation of quality of life, self-esteem, peer relationship and anger levels in adolescents with acne at an university hospital: a case control study]. http://www.anadolupsikiyatri.net/?mno=43505 [Access: December 11, 2018]. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.43505


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ozden Kum, Ijlal Erturan, Evrim Aktepe. [The evaluation of quality of life, self-esteem, peer relationship and anger levels in adolescents with acne at an university hospital: a case control study]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2014; 15(2): 150-156. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.43505



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ozden Kum, Ijlal Erturan, Evrim Aktepe. [The evaluation of quality of life, self-esteem, peer relationship and anger levels in adolescents with acne at an university hospital: a case control study]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. (2014), [cited December 11, 2018]; 15(2): 150-156. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.43505



Harvard Style

Ozden Kum, Ijlal Erturan, Evrim Aktepe (2014) [The evaluation of quality of life, self-esteem, peer relationship and anger levels in adolescents with acne at an university hospital: a case control study]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg, 15 (2), 150-156. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.43505



Turabian Style

Ozden Kum, Ijlal Erturan, Evrim Aktepe. 2014. [The evaluation of quality of life, self-esteem, peer relationship and anger levels in adolescents with acne at an university hospital: a case control study]. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 15 (2), 150-156. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.43505



Chicago Style

Ozden Kum, Ijlal Erturan, Evrim Aktepe. "[The evaluation of quality of life, self-esteem, peer relationship and anger levels in adolescents with acne at an university hospital: a case control study]." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 15 (2014), 150-156. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.43505



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ozden Kum, Ijlal Erturan, Evrim Aktepe. "[The evaluation of quality of life, self-esteem, peer relationship and anger levels in adolescents with acne at an university hospital: a case control study]." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 15.2 (2014), 150-156. Print.Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.43505



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ozden Kum, Ijlal Erturan, Evrim Aktepe (2014) [The evaluation of quality of life, self-esteem, peer relationship and anger levels in adolescents with acne at an university hospital: a case control study]. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 15 (2), 150-156. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.43505





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