ISSN 1302-6631
 

Case Report 


Childhood disintegrative disorder: a case report

Satı Sanberk, Meliha Zengin Eroğlu.

Abstract
Childhood disintegrative disorder is a rare pervasive disorder. It was first reported by Theodor Heller under the name of dementia infantilis in 1908. Severe regression in social and communication skills occurs after apparently normal development in the first 3-4 years of life. Estimated prevalence of Childhood disintegrative disorder is around 1 per 100.000 children. Although gender distribution of the disorder is not exactly known, male seems to outnumber female cases. The prognosis is usually very poor and most individuals are left with severe developmental delay especially in language and social skills. The nature of the illness and its relation with other pervasive developmental disorders has not been solved yet. Neurological disorders and other medical conditions are sometimes associated with this disorder. The present report describes a case who developed childhood disintegrative disorder after approximately three years of normal development. The child’s behavioral problems reportedly began at that age following the death of his mother. No neurological abnormalities were found as a result of EEG and serebral MRI. During the treatment symptoms have been controlled by antipsychotic drugs.

Key words: childhood disintegrative disorder, clinical features, prognosis



Çocukluğun dezintegratif bozukluğu: Bir olgu sunumu

Ozet
Çocukluğun dezintegratif bozukluğu çok nadir görülen bir yaygın gelişimsel bozukluktur. İlk kez Theodor Heller tarafından 1908 yılında infantil demans adıyla tanımlanmıştır. Yaşamın ilk 3-4 yılında normal kabul edilen gelişimin ardından sosyal ve iletişim becerilerinde ciddi gerileme olması bozukluk için tipiktir. Tahmin edilen yaygınlığı 100.000 çocukta 1 civarındadır. Cinsiyet oranı bilinmemesine rağmen, erkek olguların sayısı kızlardan daha yüksek gibi görünmektedir. Sonlanması genellikle kötüdür ve bireylerin çoğunda özellikle dil ve sosyal beceriler konusunda ciddi gerilik vardır. Bozukluğun doğası ve diğer yaygın gelişimsel bozukluklarla ilişkisi henüz bilinmemektedir. Nörolojik hastalıklar ve diğer tıbbi sorunlar bu bozuklukla ilişkili olabilir. Burada yaklaşık üç yıllık normal gelişimin ardından çocukluk çağı dezintegratif bozukluk gelişen bir olgu sunulmuştur. Çocuğun davranış sorunlarının anne kaybının ardından başladığı belirtilmiştir. EEG ve serebral MR incelemeleri sonucunda nörolojik bir anormallik saptanmadı. Tedavi boyunca belirtiler antipsikotik ilaç kullanılarak kontrol altına alındı.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Çocukluk çağı dezintegratif bozukluğu, klinik özellikler, sonlanma


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sanberk S, Eroglu MZ. [Childhood disintegrative disorder: a case report]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2013; 14(2): 174-176. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.36695


Web Style

Sanberk S, Eroglu MZ. [Childhood disintegrative disorder: a case report]. http://www.anadolupsikiyatri.net/?mno=36695 [Access: August 21, 2018]. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.36695


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sanberk S, Eroglu MZ. [Childhood disintegrative disorder: a case report]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2013; 14(2): 174-176. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.36695



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sanberk S, Eroglu MZ. [Childhood disintegrative disorder: a case report]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. (2013), [cited August 21, 2018]; 14(2): 174-176. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.36695



Harvard Style

Sanberk, S. & Eroglu, M. Z. (2013) [Childhood disintegrative disorder: a case report]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg, 14 (2), 174-176. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.36695



Turabian Style

Sanberk, Sati, and Meliha Zengin Eroglu. 2013. [Childhood disintegrative disorder: a case report]. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 14 (2), 174-176. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.36695



Chicago Style

Sanberk, Sati, and Meliha Zengin Eroglu. "[Childhood disintegrative disorder: a case report]." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 14 (2013), 174-176. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.36695



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sanberk, Sati, and Meliha Zengin Eroglu. "[Childhood disintegrative disorder: a case report]." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 14.2 (2013), 174-176. Print.Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.36695



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sanberk, S. & Eroglu, M. Z. (2013) [Childhood disintegrative disorder: a case report]. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 14 (2), 174-176. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.36695





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