ISSN 1302-6631
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


The examination of the relationship between the blood oxytocin level and attachment styles among mothers of schizophrenia patients

Kuzeymen Balıkçı, Orkun Aydın, İpek Sönmez, Ayşen Esen Danacı.

Abstract
Objective: Attachment is defined as the continuing and consistent emotional bond between child and caregiver. The inadequacies or the occasional failures in relation between mother and child will affect the attachment negatively. A number of studies have demonstrated that there is a relationship between insecure attachment and the symptoms of schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. Oxytocin hormone have positive effects in attachment, social interaction and child care. Studies regarding the level of blood oxytocin and its associations with the attach-ment styles of mothers of schizophrenia patients are very rare in the literature. The aim of our study is to clarify the attachment patterns believed to play a role in the etiology of schizophrenia and to compare the current relationship of oxytocin hormone with the parents of patients in comparison with the healthy control group. Methods: Thirty-four healthy mother of patients diagnosed with schizophrenia and 31 healthy mothers were included to the study. Participants completed the Close Relationships Inventory-II and blood oxytocin levels were measured. The t test was used to compare the groups and the Pearson correlation analysis was used for the correlation. Results: In the study, it was determined that mothers of schizophrenic patients had higher Close Relationships Inventory-II scores and lower blood oxytocin levels than healthy controls. In addition, there was an inverse correlation between blood oxytocin level and Close Relationships Inventory-II scores. Conclusion: In our study, insecure attachment patterns (anxious and avoidant) were observed in the mothers of schizophrenic patients and it was shown that there was a significant relationship between the style of attachment and oxytocin. Low blood of oxytocin levels were related with insecure attachment among the mothers of schizophrenic patients. Moreover, it can be considered that the mothers of the schizophrenic patients because of the bidirectional interaction affect the connection, it could develop unsafe attachment patterns.

Key words: schizophrenia, attachment, oxytocin



Şizofreni hastalarının annelerinde bağlanma biçimi ile kan oksitosin düzeyi arasındaki ilişkinin incelenmesi

Ozet
Amaç: Bağlanma, çocuk ile bakım vereni arasında gelişen tutarlılığı ve sürekliliği olan duygusal bağ olarak tanımla-nır. Anne çocuk arasındaki ilişkide yaşanan yetersizlikler veya oluşan aksamalar bağlanmayı olumsuz yönde etkile-yecek ve güvensiz bağlanmaya neden olacaktır. Güvensiz bağlanma ile şizofreni ve şizoaffektif bozukluk arasında ilişki olduğunu gösteren birçok çalışma vardır. Bağlanma, toplumsal etkileşim ve çocuk bakımında oksitosin hormo-nunun olumlu etkileri vardır. Şizofreni hastalarının annelerinde kan oksitosin düzeyinin bağlanma biçimi ile ilişkilen-dirildiği çalışmalar ise literatürde çok az sayıdadır. Çalışmamızın, amacı şizofreni hastalığının etiyolojisinde rolü olduğu düşünülen bağlanma biçimleri ile oksitosin hormonunun hastaların anne-babalarıyla mevcut ilişkisini sağlıklı kontrol grubu ile karşılaştırarak açığa çıkarmaktır. Yöntem: Çalışmaya 34 şizofreni hastasının sağlıklı annesi ve çocuklarında herhangi bir psikiyatrik bozukluk olmayan 31 sağlıklı anne alınmıştır. Katılımcılara Yakın İlişkilerde Yaşantılar Envanteri-II uygulanmış ve kan oksitosin düzeyi ölçümü yapılmıştır. Grupların karşılaştırılmasında t testi, korelasyon için Pearson korelasyon analizi yapılmıştır. Bulgular: Çalışmada şizofreni hastalarının annelerinin Yakın İlişkilerde Yaşantılar Envanteri-II puanlarının daha yüksek, kan oksitosin düzeylerinin ise sağlıklı kontroller-den daha düşük düzeyde olduğu saptanmıştır. Ek olarak kan oksitosin düzeyi ile Yakın İlişkilerde Yaşantılar Envan-teri-II puanları arasında ters ilişki saptanmıştır. Sonuç: Çalışmamızda şizofreni hastalarının annelerinde güvensiz bağlanma biçimleri (kaygılı ve kaçıngan) gözlenmiş olup, bağlanma biçimi ile oksitosin arasında anlamlı bir ilişki olduğu gösterilmiştir. Düşük kan oksitosin düzeyi, şizofreni hastalarının annelerinde güvensiz bağlanmanın bir nedeni olabilir. Bağlanmanın çift yönlü bir etkileşime neden olmasından dolayı şizofreni hastalarının annelerinden etkilenerek güvensiz bağlanma biçimleri geliştirdikleri düşünülebilir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Şizofreni, bağlanma, oksitosin


 
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Pubmed Style

Balikci K, Aydin O, Sonmez I, Danaci AE. [The examination of the relationship between the blood oxytocin level and attachment styles among mothers of schizophrenia patients]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2018; 19(6): 531-536. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.302642690


Web Style

Balikci K, Aydin O, Sonmez I, Danaci AE. [The examination of the relationship between the blood oxytocin level and attachment styles among mothers of schizophrenia patients]. http://www.anadolupsikiyatri.net/?mno=302642690 [Access: November 13, 2018]. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.302642690


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Balikci K, Aydin O, Sonmez I, Danaci AE. [The examination of the relationship between the blood oxytocin level and attachment styles among mothers of schizophrenia patients]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2018; 19(6): 531-536. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.302642690



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Balikci K, Aydin O, Sonmez I, Danaci AE. [The examination of the relationship between the blood oxytocin level and attachment styles among mothers of schizophrenia patients]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. (2018), [cited November 13, 2018]; 19(6): 531-536. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.302642690



Harvard Style

Balikci, K., Aydin, . O., Sonmez, . I. & Danaci, . A. E. (2018) [The examination of the relationship between the blood oxytocin level and attachment styles among mothers of schizophrenia patients]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg, 19 (6), 531-536. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.302642690



Turabian Style

Balikci, Kuzeymen, Orkun Aydin, Ipek Sonmez, and Aysen Esen Danaci. 2018. [The examination of the relationship between the blood oxytocin level and attachment styles among mothers of schizophrenia patients]. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 19 (6), 531-536. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.302642690



Chicago Style

Balikci, Kuzeymen, Orkun Aydin, Ipek Sonmez, and Aysen Esen Danaci. "[The examination of the relationship between the blood oxytocin level and attachment styles among mothers of schizophrenia patients]." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 19 (2018), 531-536. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.302642690



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Balikci, Kuzeymen, Orkun Aydin, Ipek Sonmez, and Aysen Esen Danaci. "[The examination of the relationship between the blood oxytocin level and attachment styles among mothers of schizophrenia patients]." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 19.6 (2018), 531-536. Print.Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.302642690



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Balikci, K., Aydin, . O., Sonmez, . I. & Danaci, . A. E. (2018) [The examination of the relationship between the blood oxytocin level and attachment styles among mothers of schizophrenia patients]. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 19 (6), 531-536. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.302642690





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