ISSN 1302-6631
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


The relationship between duration, stage and, treatment of illness and depression or anxiety in chronic hepatitis B patients

Gülden Eser Karlıdağ, Murad Atmaca.

Abstract
Objective: This study aims to establish in chronic HBV patients the frequency of depression and anxiety, indepen-dently from drug side effects, among the antiviral-treated group and the untreated follow-up group and accordingly, to evaluate relationship between the treatment and the factors affecting prevalence of depression and anxiety in these patients. Methods: Included in our study are patients aged between 18 and 60 followed-up and treated for chronic hepatitis B. Three groups were formed in our study: chronic hepatitis group treated with oral antiviral agents (n=103 patients), untreated chronic infection group (n=94 patients) and healthy control group with the same age as treatment group patients (n=50). Factors such as age, sex, education, marital status of the patient, duration of the illness, whether or not the patient is treated, treatment type if treated, history of a prior hepatitis and cirrhosis in family are examined. All participants are scored using Hamilton Anxiety and Hamilton Depression Scales. Results: Two hundred and forty-seven people consisting of 169 males (68.4%) and 78 females (31.6%) were included in this study. No difference was observed in terms of demographical characteristics of all groups. In comparison there among, a statistically significant anxiety and depression score was detected between the chronic infection group on one side and the chronic hepatitis and the control groups on the other side. For participants with a family history of cirrhosis due to chronic HBV, not only anxiety, but also depression scores were detected to be significantly high. Compared to participants with higher education levels, anxiety and depression scores of participants with lower educations levels were determined to be significantly high. Conclusion: This study, the depression and anxiety scores being lower in antiviral treatment group as regards the group treated for chronic infection may be construed as a result of therapeutic effect of antiviral agents on hepatitis, but beyond that, it may also be a reflection of direct effect of known immunological impacts of inflammation on depression and anxiety in the etiology of which inflam-mation is known to play a significant role. This finding requires further studies on wider sampling groups.

Key words: Chronic hepatitis B, depression, anxiety, treatment



Kronik hepatit B hastalarında hastalık süresi, evresi ve tedavisinin depresyon ve anksiyete ilişkisi

Ozet
Amaç: Kronik HBV hastalarında, antiviral tedavi gören grupla tedavisiz izlenen grup arasında ilaç yan etkilerinden bağımsız olarak depresyon ve anksiyete sıklığını ortaya koymak ve beraberinde bu hastalarındaki depresyon ve anksiyete sıklığını etkileyen etkenlerle ilişkisinin değerlendirilmesi amaçlanmıştır. Yöntem: Bu çalışmaya, kronik hepatit B tanısı ile tedavi edilen ve izlenen 18-60 yaşları arasındaki hastalar alındı. Çalışmamızda oral antiviral ajan alan kronik hepatit grubu (n=103 hasta), tedavi almayan kronik enfeksiyon grubu (n=94 hasta) ve çalışma hastaları ile aynı yaş grubunda sağlıklı bireylerden oluşan kontrol grubu (n=50) olmak üzere üç grup oluşturuldu. Hastaların yaş, cinsiyet, eğitim düzeyi, medeni durumu, hastalık süresi, tedavi alıp/almadığı, aldığı tedavi, ailede hepatit ve siroz öyküsü sorgulandı. Tüm katılımcılara Hamilton Anksiyete ve Hamilton Depresyon Ölçekleri uygulandı. Bulgu-lar: Çalışmaya 169 (%68.4) erkek, 78 (%31.6) kadından oluşan toplam 247 kişi alındı. Tüm grupların demografik özellikleri arasında farklılık gözlenmedi. Gruplar arasında yapılan karşılaştırmada kronik enfeksiyon grubu ile kronik hepatit ve kontrol grubu arasında anksiyete ve depresyon puanı açısından istatistiksel olarak anlamlı düzeyde fark saptandı. Ailede kronik HBV hastalığına bağlı siroz öyküsü olanlarda, hem anksiyete hem de depresyon puanları anlamlı düzeyde daha yüksekti. Eğitim düzeyi düşük olanlarda yüksek olanlara göre anksiyete ve depresyon puan-larında anlamlı yükseklik saptandı. Tartışma: Çalışmamızda antiviral tedavi gören grupta kronik enfeksiyonu olan-lara göre depresyon ve anksiyete puanlarının daha düşük bulunması antiviral tedavinin hepatiti tedavi edici etkisine bağlı olabileceği gibi, inflamasyonun, etiyolojisinde önemli rol oynadığı depresyon ve anksiyete üzerine immünolojik açıdan etkilerinin doğrudan bir etkisi de olabilir. Bu durum daha geniş örneklemde araştırılmalıdır.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Kronik hepatit B, depresyon, anksiyete, tedavi


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Karlidag GE, Atmaca M. The relationship between duration, stage and, treatment of illness and depression or anxiety in chronic hepatitis B patients. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2019; 20(5): 515-521. doi:10.5455/apd.27821


Web Style

Karlidag GE, Atmaca M. The relationship between duration, stage and, treatment of illness and depression or anxiety in chronic hepatitis B patients. http://www.anadolupsikiyatri.net/?mno=27821 [Access: September 19, 2019]. doi:10.5455/apd.27821


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Karlidag GE, Atmaca M. The relationship between duration, stage and, treatment of illness and depression or anxiety in chronic hepatitis B patients. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2019; 20(5): 515-521. doi:10.5455/apd.27821



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Karlidag GE, Atmaca M. The relationship between duration, stage and, treatment of illness and depression or anxiety in chronic hepatitis B patients. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. (2019), [cited September 19, 2019]; 20(5): 515-521. doi:10.5455/apd.27821



Harvard Style

Karlidag, G. E. & Atmaca, . M. (2019) The relationship between duration, stage and, treatment of illness and depression or anxiety in chronic hepatitis B patients. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg, 20 (5), 515-521. doi:10.5455/apd.27821



Turabian Style

Karlidag, Gulden Eser, and Murad Atmaca. 2019. The relationship between duration, stage and, treatment of illness and depression or anxiety in chronic hepatitis B patients. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 20 (5), 515-521. doi:10.5455/apd.27821



Chicago Style

Karlidag, Gulden Eser, and Murad Atmaca. "The relationship between duration, stage and, treatment of illness and depression or anxiety in chronic hepatitis B patients." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 20 (2019), 515-521. doi:10.5455/apd.27821



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Karlidag, Gulden Eser, and Murad Atmaca. "The relationship between duration, stage and, treatment of illness and depression or anxiety in chronic hepatitis B patients." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 20.5 (2019), 515-521. Print. doi:10.5455/apd.27821



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Karlidag, G. E. & Atmaca, . M. (2019) The relationship between duration, stage and, treatment of illness and depression or anxiety in chronic hepatitis B patients. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 20 (5), 515-521. doi:10.5455/apd.27821





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