ISSN 1302-6631
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Predictors of dating violence in college girls and differences from non-dating violence in psychiatric outcomes

Emel Koyuncu Kütük, Funda Gümüştaş, Behice Han Almış.

Abstract
Objective: In this study, it was aimed to examine variables that predict exposure to dating violence, students' views about violence and to determine differences with non-dating violence in terms of mental problems. Methods: Eight hundred and forty-eight college girls were included in the study by random sampling. A questionnaire assessing sociodemographic and violence related variables, and scales assessing depression, anxiety, thought of suicide, and suicidal behavior were filled by students. Psychiatric diagnostic interview was conducted with students who had been physically abused during the past 12 months. Results: The frequency of dating physical violence for the whole group was 3.7% (n=31) and the frequency of psychological violence by flirting was 24.8% (n=210). As a result of the logistic regression analysis, ıt was shown that staying in dormitories had a predictive effect on dating violence. Significant differences were found in depression, anxiety and suicide scores between students who were exposed to dating and non-dating violence. There was no significant difference in the rates of psychiatric disorder among girls who were exposed to physical violence by dating and non-dating in the last 12 months. Discussion: Our study is the first study in the related literature to compare rates of psychiatric disorders, to assess the level of depression, anxiety and suicidality in college girls who were exposed to dating and/or non-dating violence. The predictive effect of staying in dormitories on dating violence is a remarkable finding and can be examined with multicenter, large sample studies. Physical violence negatively affects mental health regardless of the perpetrator’s closeness. Development of programs to prevent physical abuse is important.

Key words: dating violence, non-dating violence, psychiatric disorders, college girls



Üniversite öğrencisi kızlarda flört şiddetinin belirleyicileri ve psikiyatrik sonuçlar açısından flört dışı şiddetten farklılıkları

Özet
Amaç: Bu çalışmada üniversite öğrencisi kızlarda flört şiddetine uğramanın yordayıcı değişkenlerinin, öğrencilerin şiddet ile ilgili görüşlerinin incelenmesi ve ruhsal sorunlar açısından flört dışı kimselerden şiddet görme ile farklılıklarının belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Yöntem: Çalışmaya gelişigüzel örnekleme yöntemiyle 848 üniversite öğrencisi kız alındı. Öğrencilere sosyodemografik ve şiddetle ilişkili değişkenleri değerlendiren bir anket formu, depresyon, anksiyete, intihar düşüncesi, intihar davranışı düzeylerini değerlendiren ölçekler doldurtuldu. Son 12 ay içinde fiziksel şiddete uğradığı belirlenen öğrencilerle bir psikiyatrist tarafından psikiyatrik tanı görüşmesi yapıldı. Bulgular: Tüm grupta flörtten fiziksel şiddet görme oranı %3.7 (s=31), psikolojik şiddet görme oranı %24.8 (s=210) bulundu. Lojistik regresyon analizi sonucunda öğrenci yurdunda kalmanın flört şiddetini yordayıcı etkisi gösterildi. Flört şiddetine uğrayanlar ile flört dışı diğer kimselerden şiddete uğrayanlar arasında depresyon, anksiyete ve intihar puanlarında anlamlı farklılıklar bulundu. Son 12 ay içinde flörtü ve flörtü dışındaki kimselerden fiziksel şiddete uğrayanlarda ruhsal bozukluk oranları açısından anlamlı farklılık bulunmadı. Sonuç: Çalışmamız flört şiddetine uğrayan ile flört dışı kimselerden şiddete uğrayanları psikiyatrik bozukluk oranları, depresyon, anksiyete düzeyleri ve intihar ile ilişkisi açısından karşılaştıran literatürdeki ilk çalışmadır. Üniversiteli kızlar arasında öğrenci yurdunda kalmanın flört şiddetini yordaması ilgi çeken bir bulgudur; çok merkezli, geniş örneklemli çalışmalarla incelenebilir. Fiziksel şiddet, uygulayan kişiden bağımsız şekilde ruh sağlığını olumsuz etkilemektedir. Fiziksel şiddeti önleyici programların geliştirilmesi önem taşımaktadır.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Flört şiddeti, Flört dışı şiddet, Psikiyatrik bozukluklar, Üniversite öğrencisi kızlar


 
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Pubmed Style

Kutuk EK, Gumustas F, Almis BH. [Predictors of dating violence in college girls and differences from non-dating violence in psychiatric outcomes]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2018; 19(2): 217-222. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.274195


Web Style

Kutuk EK, Gumustas F, Almis BH. [Predictors of dating violence in college girls and differences from non-dating violence in psychiatric outcomes]. http://www.anadolupsikiyatri.net/?mno=274195 [Access: April 26, 2018]. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.274195


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Kutuk EK, Gumustas F, Almis BH. [Predictors of dating violence in college girls and differences from non-dating violence in psychiatric outcomes]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2018; 19(2): 217-222. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.274195



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Kutuk EK, Gumustas F, Almis BH. [Predictors of dating violence in college girls and differences from non-dating violence in psychiatric outcomes]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. (2018), [cited April 26, 2018]; 19(2): 217-222. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.274195



Harvard Style

Kutuk, E. K., Gumustas, F. & Almis, B. H. (2018) [Predictors of dating violence in college girls and differences from non-dating violence in psychiatric outcomes]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg, 19 (2), 217-222. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.274195



Turabian Style

Kutuk, Emel Koyuncu, Funda Gumustas, and Behice Han Almis. 2018. [Predictors of dating violence in college girls and differences from non-dating violence in psychiatric outcomes]. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 19 (2), 217-222. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.274195



Chicago Style

Kutuk, Emel Koyuncu, Funda Gumustas, and Behice Han Almis. "[Predictors of dating violence in college girls and differences from non-dating violence in psychiatric outcomes]." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 19 (2018), 217-222. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.274195



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Kutuk, Emel Koyuncu, Funda Gumustas, and Behice Han Almis. "[Predictors of dating violence in college girls and differences from non-dating violence in psychiatric outcomes]." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 19.2 (2018), 217-222. Print.Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.274195



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Kutuk, E. K., Gumustas, F. & Almis, B. H. (2018) [Predictors of dating violence in college girls and differences from non-dating violence in psychiatric outcomes]. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 19 (2), 217-222. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.274195





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