ISSN 1302-6631
 

Original Research (Original Article) Open Access


Relationship between childhood trauma and aggression in bipolar disorder

Sevgi Nehir Türkmen, Hatice Irmak, M.Murat Demet, Kaan Toksöz.

Abstract
Objective: This research was conducted to define the relationship of childhood trauma and aggression in bipolar disorder. Methods: This study was conducted between December 2015 and March 2016 in Manisa Mental Health Diseases Hospital. The study population consisted of 449 patients. The minimum sample size of the universe is calculated 209 with 95% confidence interval and 5% standard deviation using the known formula. The data, is collected using Information Form, Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ-28), Buss-Durkee, and the Aggression Scale. The data was evaluated by number, percentage, t test, one-way analysis of variance, Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis and the Pearson’s correlation coefficient in SPSS 22.0 program. Results: The average age of the patients is 34.71±11.16 (range: 18-65). 61.7% of the patients are male, 50.2% of patients are single, 34.0% of patients are primary school graduates. İncome status of patients; 48.8% of patients the income is less than expenses. Sociodemographic characteristics such as the income situation of the patient, marital status, education level, parents' education, place of residence, immigration status, self-harm state with childhood trauma scale total score and Buss-Durkee Aggression Scale was found a statistically significant correlation between subdomains. Conclusion: Our results are suggest that there can a relationship between childhood trauma and aggression levels in bipolar disorder.

Key words: bipolar disorder, trauma, child abuse, aggression, psychiatric nursing



Bipolar bozuklukta çocukluk çağı travmaları ve agresyon ilişkisi

Özet
Amaç: Bu araştırma bipolar bozuklukta çocukluk çağı travmaları ve agresyon ilişkisini açıklamak amacıyla yapılmıştır. Yöntem: Araştırma Aralık 2015-Mart 2016 tarihleri arasında Manisa Ruh Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Hastanesinde yapılmıştır. Araştırma evrenini 449 hasta oluşturmuştur. Araştırma örneklemini minimum örnek büyüklüğü evreni bilinen formül kullanılarak %95 güven aralığı % 5 standart sapma ile 209 hesaplanmıştır. Veriler Tanıtıcı Bilgi Formu, Çocukluk Çağı Travma Ölçeği (CTQ-28), Buss-Durkee Saldırganlık Ölçeği uygulanarak toplanmıştır. Veriler, SPSS 22.0 programında sayı, yüzdelik, t - testi, tek yönlü varyans analizi, Mann Whitney U, Kruskal-Wallis, Çoklu Regresyon Analizi ve Pearson korelasyon katsayısı ile değerlendirme yapılmıştır. Sonuç: Hastaların yaş ortalaması 34.71±11.16’dır (aralık: 18-65). Hastaların %61.7’si erkek, %50.2’si bekar, %34.0’ı ilkokul mezunudur. Hastaların %48.8’inin geliri giderinden azdır. Hastaların gelir durumu, medeni durumu, eğitim düzeyi, anne-babanın eğitimi, yaşadığı yer, göç durumu, kendine zarar verme durumu gibi sosyodemografik özellikleri ile CTQ-28 toplam puan ortalamaları, Buss-Durkee Saldırganlık Ölçeği alt alanları arasında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı düzeyde ilişki olduğu saptanmıştır. Tartışma: Sonuçlarımıza göre, bipolar bozuklukta çocukluk çağı travması ile saldırganlık düzeyleri arasında bir ilişki olduğu söylenebilir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Bipolar bozukluk, travma, çocuk istismarı, agresyon, psikiyatri hemşireliği


 
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Pubmed Style

Turkmen SN, Irmak H, Demet M, Toksoz K. Relationship between childhood trauma and aggression in bipolar disorder. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2018; 19(2): 163-168. doi:10.5455/apd.266920


Web Style

Turkmen SN, Irmak H, Demet M, Toksoz K. Relationship between childhood trauma and aggression in bipolar disorder. http://www.anadolupsikiyatri.net/?mno=266920 [Access: February 22, 2018]. doi:10.5455/apd.266920


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Turkmen SN, Irmak H, Demet M, Toksoz K. Relationship between childhood trauma and aggression in bipolar disorder. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2018; 19(2): 163-168. doi:10.5455/apd.266920



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Turkmen SN, Irmak H, Demet M, Toksoz K. Relationship between childhood trauma and aggression in bipolar disorder. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. (2018), [cited February 22, 2018]; 19(2): 163-168. doi:10.5455/apd.266920



Harvard Style

Turkmen, S. N., Irmak, H., Demet, M. & Toksoz, K. (2018) Relationship between childhood trauma and aggression in bipolar disorder. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg, 19 (2), 163-168. doi:10.5455/apd.266920



Turabian Style

Turkmen, Sevgi Nehir, Hatice Irmak, M.Murat Demet, and Kaan Toksoz. 2018. Relationship between childhood trauma and aggression in bipolar disorder. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 19 (2), 163-168. doi:10.5455/apd.266920



Chicago Style

Turkmen, Sevgi Nehir, Hatice Irmak, M.Murat Demet, and Kaan Toksoz. "Relationship between childhood trauma and aggression in bipolar disorder." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 19 (2018), 163-168. doi:10.5455/apd.266920



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Turkmen, Sevgi Nehir, Hatice Irmak, M.Murat Demet, and Kaan Toksoz. "Relationship between childhood trauma and aggression in bipolar disorder." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 19.2 (2018), 163-168. Print. doi:10.5455/apd.266920



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Turkmen, S. N., Irmak, H., Demet, M. & Toksoz, K. (2018) Relationship between childhood trauma and aggression in bipolar disorder. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 19 (2), 163-168. doi:10.5455/apd.266920





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