ISSN 1302-6631
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Adaptation of the Adolescent Measure of Empathy and Sympathy (AMES) to Turkish: a validity and reliability study

Hamide Zengin, Sinem Yalnızoğlu Caka, Nursan Çınar.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
Objective: Empathy plays an important role in the development of social behaviors of adolescents. For children and adolescents to continue their normal development, it is important to determine their empathic and sympathetic tendency levels and to perform appropriate interventions. In order to measure the level of empathy and sympathy, current Turkish measurement tools were not found in the literature. The aim of this study was to examine the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Adolescent Measure of Empathy and Sympathy Scale (AMES). Methods: The study was conducted with 212 students studying in high school within the boundaries of Sakarya Metropolitan Municipality. In the first phase, language equivalence, exploratory factor analysis, the internal consistency, and test-retest reliability were employed. The next phase, confirmatory factor analysis and concurrent validity were employed. Results: Along with the explanatory factor analysis, it was observed that 12 items were divided into 3 factors as a result of the content validity and that the loads of all factors were above 0.50. According to the confirmatory factor analysis, fit index values of the model were χ²/df=2.012, CFI=0.902, GFI=0.927, RMSEA=0.070 and SRMR=0.059. The Cronbach’s alpha reliability coefficients ranged between 0.63 and 0.75 for three subscales. Discussion: This study shows that the AMES is a reliable and valid measurement tool of empathy and sympathy for Turkish adolescents. It provides a significant advantage compared to existing measurement tools by distinguishing affective empathy, cognitive empathy and sympathy. It can also make an important contribution to future studies on the role of empathy and sympathy in adolescent behavior.

Key words: Adolescent, empathy, sympathy, scale adaptation, validity, reliability



Adolesanlarda Empati ve Sempati Kurma Ölçeğinin Türkçe uyarlaması: Geçerlilik ve güvenilirlik çalışması

Ozet
Amaç: Empati, adolesanların sosyal davranışlarının gelişmesinde önemli rol oynar. Çocuk ve adolesanların normal gelişimlerini sürdürebilmeleri için empatik ve sempatik eğilim düzeylerinin belirlenmesi ve uygun girişimlerde bulunulması önemlidir. Empati ve sempati düzeyini ölçmek için güncel bir Türkçe ölçüm aracına literatürde rastlanmamıştır. Bu araştırmanın amacı Adolesanlarda Empati ve Sempati Kurma Ölçeğinin Türkçe formunun geçerlilik ve güvenilirliğini incelemektir. Yöntem: Araştırma, Sakarya Büyükşehir Belediyesi sınırları içinde 212 lise öğrencisiyle yapılmıştır. İlk adımda dilsel eşdeğerlilik, açıklayıcı faktör analizi, iç tutarlılık katsayısı, test-tekrar test analizleri yapılmıştır. İkinci adımda doğrulayıcı faktör analizi ve uyum geçerliliği çalışılmıştır. Sonuçlar: Araştırma, faktörü analizi ile birlikte kapsam geçerliliği sonucunda ölçekte bulunan 12 maddenin 3 faktöre bölünmüş olduğu ve tüm faktör yüklerinin 0.50'ın üstünde olduğu gözlenmiştir. Doğrulayıcı faktör analizine göre modelin uyum indeksi değerleri χ²/df=2.012, CFI=0.902, GFI=0.927, RMSEA=0.070 ve SRMR=0.059’dur. Cronbach alfa iç tutarlılık güvenilirlik katsayıları üç alt ölçek için 0.63-0.75 arasında değişmektedir. Tartışma: Bu çalışma, Adolesanlarda Empati ve Sempati Kurma Ölçeğinin Türk adolesanlar için empati ve sempatinin güvenilir ve geçerli bir ölçüm aracı olduğunu göstermektedir. Ölçek, duygusal empati, bilişsel empati ve sempatiyi ayırarak mevcut ölçüm araçlarına göre belirgin bir avantaj sağlamaktadır. Ayrıca, adolesan davranışında empati ve sempatinin rolü hakkında gelecek araştırmalar için önemli bir katkı sağlayabilir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Adolesan, empati, sempati, ölçek uyarlama, geçerlik, güvenirlik


 
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This Article Cited By the following articles

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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Hamide Zengin, Sinem Yalnizoglu Caka, Nursan Cinar. Adaptation of the Adolescent Measure of Empathy and Sympathy (AMES) to Turkish: a validity and reliability study. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2018; 19(2): 184-191. doi:10.5455/apd.262004


Web Style

Hamide Zengin, Sinem Yalnizoglu Caka, Nursan Cinar. Adaptation of the Adolescent Measure of Empathy and Sympathy (AMES) to Turkish: a validity and reliability study. http://www.anadolupsikiyatri.net/?mno=262004 [Access: November 13, 2018]. doi:10.5455/apd.262004


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Hamide Zengin, Sinem Yalnizoglu Caka, Nursan Cinar. Adaptation of the Adolescent Measure of Empathy and Sympathy (AMES) to Turkish: a validity and reliability study. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2018; 19(2): 184-191. doi:10.5455/apd.262004



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Hamide Zengin, Sinem Yalnizoglu Caka, Nursan Cinar. Adaptation of the Adolescent Measure of Empathy and Sympathy (AMES) to Turkish: a validity and reliability study. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. (2018), [cited November 13, 2018]; 19(2): 184-191. doi:10.5455/apd.262004



Harvard Style

Hamide Zengin, Sinem Yalnizoglu Caka, Nursan Cinar (2018) Adaptation of the Adolescent Measure of Empathy and Sympathy (AMES) to Turkish: a validity and reliability study. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg, 19 (2), 184-191. doi:10.5455/apd.262004



Turabian Style

Hamide Zengin, Sinem Yalnizoglu Caka, Nursan Cinar. 2018. Adaptation of the Adolescent Measure of Empathy and Sympathy (AMES) to Turkish: a validity and reliability study. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 19 (2), 184-191. doi:10.5455/apd.262004



Chicago Style

Hamide Zengin, Sinem Yalnizoglu Caka, Nursan Cinar. "Adaptation of the Adolescent Measure of Empathy and Sympathy (AMES) to Turkish: a validity and reliability study." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 19 (2018), 184-191. doi:10.5455/apd.262004



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Hamide Zengin, Sinem Yalnizoglu Caka, Nursan Cinar. "Adaptation of the Adolescent Measure of Empathy and Sympathy (AMES) to Turkish: a validity and reliability study." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 19.2 (2018), 184-191. Print. doi:10.5455/apd.262004



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Hamide Zengin, Sinem Yalnizoglu Caka, Nursan Cinar (2018) Adaptation of the Adolescent Measure of Empathy and Sympathy (AMES) to Turkish: a validity and reliability study. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 19 (2), 184-191. doi:10.5455/apd.262004





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