ISSN 1302-6631
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


The prevalence and risk factors of substance use among university students in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus

Ebru Çakıcı, Mehmet Çakıcı, Ayhan Eş, Deniz Ergün.

Abstract
Objective: As the age starting using drugs decrease and drug use among young people increase, the prevention programs start to focus on young people who has become most important risk group. The purpose of this study is to determine the characteristics and risk factors for cigarette, alcohol and other psychoactive drug (OPD) use among university students in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC). Methods: A survey was administered to 1323 university students randomly chosen. The questionaire was designed to obtain data about socio-demographic characteristics of the students, the frequency of their cigarette-alcohol and OPD use and beliefs and attitudes of the students about substance use. Results: 398 (30.3%) of the students were from TRNC, 824 (62.7%) from Turkey and 92 (7.0%) from other countries. The life-time use of cigarette was 69.5% and boys smoked more than girls. Students from Turkey smoked cigarette significantly more often. Life-time use of any alcoholic beverages was 81.0% and the students from TRNC used alcohol significantly more than others. Life-time use of any illicit drug was 10.9% and the ratio was higher for boys. Life-time use of cigarette and life-time use of OPD and gender (being male) were found to be positively associated with the tendency to use illicit drugs. Conclusion: Repeating prevalence studies for substance use among university students at certain intervals will be helpful to follow the changes of substance use rates and determine the substances mostly preferred so that prevention programs can be planned more efficiently.






ÖZET

(Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg 2014; 15:108-115)

Anahtar sözcükler:
içme oranı anlamlı olarak daha yüksekti. Yaşam boyu herhangi bir alkollü içecek kullanımı %81.0’dı ve KKTC’li öğrenciler diğerlerine

Key words: psychoactive drugs, university students, risk factors, Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus



Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti üniversite öğrencileri arasında madde kullanım yaygınlıkları ve risk etkenleri

Ozet
Amaç: Madde kullanımına başlama yaşı düştüğü ve gençler arasında madde kullanımı arttığı için, önleme programları önemli bir risk grubu haline gelen gençler üzerine odaklanmaktadır. Bu çalışmanın amacı, KKTC’deki üniversite öğrencileri arasında sigara, alkol ve diğer psikoaktif madde (DPM) kullanımının özelliklerini ve ilgili risk etkenlerini belirlemektir. Yöntem: Rastgele seçilmiş 1323 üniversite öğrencisine anket uygulanmıştır. Soru formu öğrencilerin sosyodemografik özellikleri, sigara, alkol ve DPM kullanım sıklığı ve öğrencilerin madde kullanımı ile ilgili inanç ve tutumlarıyla ilgili bilgi toplamak amacıyla hazırlanmıştır. Sonuçlar: Öğrencilerin 398’ü (%30.3) KKTC, 824’ü (%62.7) Türkiye ve 92’si (%7.0) diğer ülkelerdendi. Yaşam boyu sigara içme oranı %69.5’ti ve erkekler kızlara göre daha sık sigara içiyordu. Türkiye’den gelen öğrenciler arasında sigara içme oranı anlamlı olarak daha yüksekti. Yaşam boyu herhangi bir alkollü içecek kullanımı %81.0’dı ve KKTC’li öğrenciler diğerlerine göre anlamlı olarak daha yüksek oranda alkol kullanmaktaydı. Yaşam boyu herhangi bir yasa dışı madde kulla-nımı %10.9’du ve erkekler arasında bu oran daha yüksekti. Yaşam boyu sigara içme, erkek olmak ve yaşam boyu DPM kullanımı yasa dışı madde kullanımını yordayıcı etkenler olarak bulunmuştur. Tartışma: Belli aralık-larla üniversite öğrencileri arasında madde kullanım yaygınlık çalışmalarını yinelemek madde kullanım oranların-daki değişimin izlenmesi ve en çok kullanılan maddelerin saptanmasında faydalı olabilir, bu da önleme program-larının daha etkin biçimde planlanmasını sağlayacaktır.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Psikoaktif maddeler, üniversite öğrencileri, risk faktörleri, Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Cakici E, Cakici M, Es A, Ergun D. [The prevalence and risk factors of substance use among university students in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2014; 15(2): 108-115. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.157227


Web Style

Cakici E, Cakici M, Es A, Ergun D. [The prevalence and risk factors of substance use among university students in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus]. http://www.anadolupsikiyatri.net/?mno=157227 [Access: September 21, 2018]. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.157227


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Cakici E, Cakici M, Es A, Ergun D. [The prevalence and risk factors of substance use among university students in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2014; 15(2): 108-115. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.157227



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Cakici E, Cakici M, Es A, Ergun D. [The prevalence and risk factors of substance use among university students in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. (2014), [cited September 21, 2018]; 15(2): 108-115. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.157227



Harvard Style

Cakici, E., Cakici, M., Es, A. & Ergun, D. (2014) [The prevalence and risk factors of substance use among university students in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg, 15 (2), 108-115. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.157227



Turabian Style

Cakici, Ebru, Mehmet Cakici, Ayhan Es, and Deniz Ergun. 2014. [The prevalence and risk factors of substance use among university students in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus]. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 15 (2), 108-115. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.157227



Chicago Style

Cakici, Ebru, Mehmet Cakici, Ayhan Es, and Deniz Ergun. "[The prevalence and risk factors of substance use among university students in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus]." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 15 (2014), 108-115. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.157227



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Cakici, Ebru, Mehmet Cakici, Ayhan Es, and Deniz Ergun. "[The prevalence and risk factors of substance use among university students in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus]." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 15.2 (2014), 108-115. Print.Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.157227



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Cakici, E., Cakici, M., Es, A. & Ergun, D. (2014) [The prevalence and risk factors of substance use among university students in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus]. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 15 (2), 108-115. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.157227





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